It’s happening again.
I remember the drop in my stomach as my browser opened on the homepage of MyRedBook in 2014 and I saw the emblems of the FBI, DOJ, and the IRS occupying a page which used to host an escort ad, review, and forum website used by thousands of providers across the West Coast. It was at that moment when I realized what the stakes in the war on sex trafficking truly were. Two years after Prop 35 passed in California, broadening the definition of trafficker to anyone “who is supported in part or in whole from the earnings of a prostitute”, and four years after the multi-year battle against Craigslist resulted in its Adult section being taken down, it was clear: sex workers’ ability to advertise online was going to be taken out from under us.
At the time, I worked at St. James Infirmary providing healthcare services to current and former sex workers. Over the next several months, I witnessed people being flung into economic turmoil. A lot of the community talked to me about going back into the street or going there for the first time. Others tried to pack into strip clubs, where their money was split by management, or focus on porn—also under attack by the state through Prop 60. Some people successfully moved their business onto other more costly or exclusive advertising platforms. And some people left the business altogether, either to new forms of income or to try to exist on the scraps of government support available to the unemployed.
I saw the closure of MyRedBook increase stratification within the industry, widening the gap between those sex workers able to appeal to the more elite clientele of other websites and those who had to move onto the street and deal with the violence of being outside.
Eventually, Backpage, relatively unused in the Bay Area prior to the RedBook seizure, garnered enough web traffic that it became the website for those of us who want to work independently and inside, but don’t have the body, gender, or class presentation desired by the majority of clients looking at websites such as Eros, Slixa, and Seeking Arrangements. It is especially utilized by folks living outside urban metropolises, where other advertising platforms, if they exist, are largely unused. TS Blair, a friend of mine who works in the South, says:
As a transgender woman working in a small city, BackPage is the only resource for sex work outside of the street for so many bodies. You go on Eros, it’s exclusively white cis women on there. If BackPage shuts down, so many of us will have nowhere else to go.
And now, in the wake of Backpage’s CEO Carl Ferrer being arrested Thursday on felony pimping charges, what does the future hold for sex workers dependent on Backpage for survival? While some are already established on other sites and venues or are able to float on their savings for a while, many are left waiting to see if their only source of income will disappear, eliminated by law enforcement hell bent on “rescuing” them.
The specifics of if, when, and how Backpage will be stripped of its erotic services section are unclear. Unlike MyRedBook and, more recently, Rentboy, Backpage has not been seized as a company. The company that owns the website, Atlantische Bedrijven CV, is based in the Netherlands, where prostitution is legalized. Civil liberties experts agree that in the US, the Communications Decency Act protects online service providers from being held liable for third party posts, and Backpage’s legal counsel told the Guardian that the site intends to fight what it calls “frivolous prosecution.”
Still, there is currently no substantial information available on the future of the website, so all there is to do is wait. The political landscape seems unfavorable, especially considering this week’s news about Rentboy CEO Jeffrey Hurant pleading guilty to charges of promoting prostitution. Many of us question what comes next.
Danny Germaine, an FTM escort in Portland, says:
My clients are typically folks travelling in and Backpage has served as my primary means of advertising to them. Now, I have very real concerns about where I’m going to connect with prospective clients because many paid sites are either not welcoming to trans folks or exclude folks who aren’t women. I’m also not keen to the idea of invading spaces created for women to advertise, so I’m not really sure what my next step should be. My options are limited as an FTM escort.
Witnessing the sex worker social media response to the Backpage arrests (CEO Ferrer is in custody, but warrants have been issued for the two main Backpage shareholders as well) I am struck by how rehearsed our response to this feels this time. Most of us in the industry are aware of the fleeting nature of these kinds of websites. Our lives are constantly upturned in service of the spectacle of grand government gestures against sex trafficking. Backpage had been attacked for years. Just last year, under law enforcement pressure, Visa and Mastercard removed themselves as Backpage payment options, leaving us to all figure out how to use Bitcoin—an alternative currency that few ever really mastered.
TS Blair and I spoke on the phone about how the community’s shock and outrage seems tempered this time around. We concluded that it’s hard to be outraged when you’re continually settling for less and less. While Backpage had always come with its own special flavor of phone masturbators and flakes, over the past couple of years, the site has become more and more difficult to use. It’s become harder and harder to be clear about who you are and the kind of work you’re available for in posts. Crying for Backpage means mourning something even less ideal than the avenues that were available to us less than a decade ago.
We wondered where we would go from here. Was our imminent future one of advertising on the Darknet? Would the majority of our clients—plain, unthreatening men with a taste for trans people—follow us, or would only those willing to see themselves as shady criminals meet us on the other side of this war on advertising platforms?
What California Attorney General Kamala Harris, Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton, Demand Abolition, Californians Against Slavery and so many other law enforcement officials, non-profits, and other do-gooders are doing is actually molding the world of prostitution to mirror the one they envision we live in. It’s a world of extreme economic disparity with few options to work safely, filled with the fear of providing each other with resources, where we are all pushed further into the margins away from access to respectful clients.
So how do we respond to this as a community? Pray for new worker-friendly ad platforms less vulnerable to showy legal takedowns ? Hide ourselves on Tindr, OkCupid, and other relatively “respectable” platforms less susceptible to accusations of pimping children? Accept this criminalization throwing our lives into disarray with ever-increasing frequency as part of the cost of doing business?
What we can do is resist by having each others’ backs and continuing to imagine something better. Those who are financially stable can extend their money to those who aren’t. We can share information on how to negotiate marketing in this constantly changing landscape. We can continue building alliances with other movements and within our own, ensuring racial and economic justice. We can make sure that we never stop talking back. We can interrupt and correct those rewriting our narrative to support the growth of the not-for-profit and prison industrial complexes.
In these moments of chaos and collective panic, we can remember that we deserve better than this, and the only way to get there is through collaboration.